Deficiency of access to proper healthcare is a significant problem in India, and to address the issue, the government has introduced several healthcare schemes through recent years.
These schemes, found under the National Health Mission, goal to generate healthcare more accessible and affordable to all parts of the society, including children, women, and others.
Below are a few government health strategies to learn about.
1. Ayushman Bharat Yojana, PM Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana, Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi
ABY/PMJAY offers free healthcare/health insurance into the underprivileged; PMBJP offers quality generic medicines at very affordable rates. RAN supplies treatment/medical services at superb specialty government hospitals/institutes into BPL (Below Poverty Level) people afflicted by serious life-threatening diseases.
2. Healthcare strategies launched for girls and kids
RMNCH+A focuses on reducing maternal/newborn/child mortality rates; JSSK supplies free/cashless solutions to pregnant women in government institutions prior to and after childbirth. RBSK aims at early identification/intervention of children’s birth-defects, deficiencies, diseases, growth delays, including disabilities.
3. Other government healthcare schemes designed for kids
ICDS (for children aged 0-6 years) concentrates on early child development, including nutrition, immunization, pre-school education, social development, and empowerment of mothers to ensure appropriate childcare.
RKSK is for the holistic development of adolescents (10-19 years) and focuses on health, psychological health, sexual/reproductive wellness, nutrition, gender equality, inclusion, etc..
4: Government scheme for community immunization
Mission Indradhanush & Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) is a community immunization strategy directed at achieving the target of India’s complete immunization coverage. Its primary goal is to ensure full immunization with all available regular vaccines for kids aged up to two years and pregnant women.
5. Disease-centric healthcare schemes
NACO concentrates on prevention/control of HIV/AIDS; RNTCP is for ancient diagnosis/intervention in TB cases and provides free services to underprivileged people. NTCP aims to fight tobacco addiction and smoking in India.